Beautful women laughing
Laughing is a reaction to certain stimuli. It may ensue from hearing a joke, being tickled, or other stimuli. Most commonly, it is considered a visual expression of a number of positive emotional states, such as joy, mirth, happiness, relief, etc. However on some occasions it may express other emotions, such as embarrassment, apology or confusion (“nervous laughter)” or courtesy laugh.
Laughter is a part of human behavior regulated by the brain, helping humans clarify their intentions in social interaction and providing an emotional context to conversations. Laughter is used as a signal for being part of a group — it signals acceptance and positive interactions with others. Laughter is sometimes seen as contagious, and the laughter of one person can itself provoke laughter from others as a positive feedback. This may account in part for the popularity of laugh tracks in situation comedy television shows.
Laughter is anatomically mediated by the epiglottis constricting the larynx.
The study of humor and laughter, and its psychological and physiological effects on the human body, is called gelotology.
Laughter and health
A link between laughter and healthy function of blood vessels was first reported in 2005 by researchers at the University of Maryland Medical Center with the fact that laughter causes the dilatation of the inner lining of blood vessels, the endothelium, and increases blood flow. Drs. Michael Miller (University of Maryland) and William Fry (Stanford), theorize that beta-endorphin like compounds released by the hypothalamus activate receptors on the endothelial surface to release nitric oxide, thereby resulting in dilation of vessels. Other cardioprotective properties of nitric oxide include reduction of inflammation and decreased platelet aggregation.
Laughter has also been shown to have beneficial effects on various other aspects of biochemistry. For example, laughter has been shown to lead to reductions in stress hormones such as cortisol and epinephrine. When laughing the brain also releases endorphins that can relieve some physical pain. Laughter also boosts the number of antibody-producing cells and enhances the effectiveness of T-cells, leading to a stronger immune system.
Laughing 100 times is equal to 10 minutes of rowing or 15 minutes of bike riding.
- Laughter Really Is the Best Medicine (psychologytoday.com)
- ‘ If we couldn’t laugh we’d all go insane!’ – quote by Robert Frost (coachlinzi.wordpress.com)
- The Baby Laughter Project (scientificamerican.com)
- The social glue (thehindu.com)
- Laugh, it’s Friday! (stephaniehurt.wordpress.com)
- Hawthorne Laughter Club (torkkogroupproperties.wordpress.com)
- Laugh your stress and worries away with “laughter yoga” (weau.com)
- The Health Benefits of Laughter (everydayhealth.com)
- The truth about stress and it’s cognitive process – self help (realtruthnews.wordpress.com)
- The courage of laughter (iamjustabee.wordpress.com)